1996-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 1.2. The information before car driving
+ 1.3. Independent maintenance service
+ 1.4. Technical characteristics
- 1.5. Some councils at car purchase
1.5.1. Changed numbers
1.5.2. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
1.5.3. Durability of the car
1.5.4. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
1.5.5. Preparation of the car for winter
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. A running gear
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A body
+ 12. An electric equipment
Car acquisition – event considerable in a life of the motorist. Questions which rise at various stages of its realisation, are so extensive what to try to capture it within the limits of one material it is not represented reasonable. Therefore we will try to shine one theme: "Acquisition of the second-hand car".
It is a lot of ways of purchase of cars. If you wish to get the second-hand car, it is possible most to go behind it abroad, is independent and as a part of special tourist group. With smaller efforts you can buy the car under the newspaper announcement or through familiar, and also in motor shows and on car markets. Everyone has their these ways the features, but below-mentioned recommendations are similar for each of them.
So, before legally to make out car purchase, it is necessary to check up presence of all corresponding documents. Thus it is desirable to take advantage of such service, as car check on stealing. These services exist now not only in State traffic inspectorate branches, but also in many autoshops and on large car markets. At purchase of the car with foreign numbers, in particular from the Baltic countries, to the required price it is necessary to add considerable enough sum on its customs clearance. At purchase of the car from the Kaliningrad region pay attention to a customs mark in characteristics sheet which can be valid as for Russia, and only for the Kaliningrad region. In the latter case it is necessary to you дорастаможивать the car.
The basic document on the car is the vehicle passport. Delivery of characteristics sheets and technical coupons of the old sample (the Ministries of Internal Affairs of USSR N370 confirmed by the order from 15.10.82) is stopped since January, 1st, 1994. Earlier given out passports admit valid. But only for this year our experts faced that on cars offered to sale the passports of the old sample which has been given out ostensibly in 1995-1996 have been shown three times. We advise to refrain from acquisition of cars with such documentation. Purchase of cars in which logs there are such records as / н (without number) or n/at it it (is not established), also it is undesirable.
The order of filling of characteristics sheets is defined "the Instruction on filling of passports of vehicles". We result from it, in our opinion, the most necessary information.
First of all is a decoding of identification number (VIN).
The first part of code VIN consists of 3 figures or the letters designating a geographical zone, a code of the country and a code of manufacturer of a vehicle.
The second part of code VIN consists of 6 figures or the letters designating a vehicle according to the design documentation.
The third part of code VIN consists of 8 figures or the letters designating a serial number of a vehicle. The first sign consisting of the letter of the Latin alphabet, specifies in a year of release of a vehicle.
For example, identification number of the car VAZ-21013 has a following designation: XTA 210130D00000002, where X – a geographical zone (Russia), Т – the manufacturer code number (And – VAZ, In – АЗЛК etc.), 210130 – model or updating, D – year of release (1983), 00000002 – serial industrial number.
For a designation of year of release of vehicles following letters are established: D – 1983, E – 1984, F – 1985, G – 1986, H – 1987, J – 1988, K – 1989, L – 1990, M – 1991–1992, P – 1993, R – 1994, S – 1995, T – 1996, V – 997, W – 1998, X – 1999, Y – 2000.
In a line of the log "Colour of a body (cabin)" visually defined colour in which the vehicle is painted is underlined: white, red, yellow, green, dark blue, brown, black, multi-colour etc.
In line "the full name of colour of a body (cabin)" is underlined the enamel name on manufacturer marks.
At change of colour of a vehicle in the passport corresponding record is made.
There is a weight of ways of falsification and forging of documents. In practice interrupt (and accordingly bring in the document), as a rule, one figure in number. But to tell on popular edition pages about technology subtleties it is represented inexpedient. And hardly the person who for the first time has taken in hands the document, can reveal forgery and pay attention to discrepancies. Therefore car check on stealing in GAI not only verification of numbers with the computer data, but also check of documents is represented to the most reasonable. And still at visual survey of numbers on the car and documents is advised to pay attention on:
– Conformity of fonts and their inclinations;
Especially sharply this question costs concerning documents on the cars which have arrived from Poland and Baltic.