1996-2001 of release
Repair and car operation
+ 1. The maintenance instruction
+ 1.2. The information before car driving
+ 1.3. Independent maintenance service
+ 1.4. Technical characteristics
- 1.5. Some councils at car purchase
1.5.1. Changed numbers
1.5.2. Purchase of the old car or a mysterious set of figures and letters
1.5.3. Durability of the car
1.5.4. About parallelism of bridges of the car and the trailer
1.5.5. Preparation of the car for winter
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. An exhaust system
+ 8. Transmission
+ 9. A running gear
+ 10. Brake system
+ 11. A body
+ 12. An electric equipment
That the bought car did not become your headache and разорительницей the family budget, it is necessary to concern its acquisition with all gravity and responsibility, without having regretted neither time, nor money.
First of all, understand, that you want. If the comfort is necessary to you, buy the car of a representation class and if you want that the put up money had material expression, buy American "cruiser" as its price will not frighten you, and the big consumption of fuel will be compensated by low working costs. If you the fan of distant trips and family rest on a nature bosom, the versatile person – that is necessary for you, and, believe, your choice will not disappoint you. It is convenient, capacious and modern.
To stop the choice is better by the car of middle class with a body of type "LX" / "GL", they are well equipped and are in demand, but not be touched and do not spread additional money for the various additional equipment from which the hydraulic booster of a wheel and the hatch in a roof are really valuable only. Automatic transmissions can become the reason of reduction of price at resale, especially at small cars.
So, with model you were defined. Now, without hurrying up, start car survey.
Examine the car at natural illumination, instead of in garage or a motor show so you can notice many distinctions of colour shades.
About that looked after car, to you liquids and the pure engine oil, filled on level will tell.
Such insignificant details as the worn out protectors or погнутые disks will enough cost much at replacement.
Easily give out itself the given seats in the salon, the worn out rugs and an upholstery, scratches, knock and not clear smells, presence of a rust and dampness in a luggage carrier. All is signs of a long life, and to get rid of them expensively enough.
Do not forget to check up work of the central blocking, antifog headlights, электроGlass lifts. Expensive repair of trifles to you to what.
Having shaken wheels in a vertical plane and having considered deterioration drawing on each tyre, you will check up deterioration of a basic part of wheels and much learn about a condition of a suspension bracket and steering system.
Rock the car from each corner. So you will check up serviceability of shock-absorbers and stability of position of the car on all four wheels, especially, if it is the versatile person or the car equipped with the towing device.
After external survey start check of the basic mechanisms.
Transfer change should be assured, and transmission work should be silent.
It is necessary to pass not less than 30 km on different roads to reveal all lacks of the car.
Be cautious: if the car wags or leaves aside, at the best is a wrong disorder-convergence, in the worst – погнуты suspension bracket or steering details.
Checking presence люфта, shake a wheel in the parties. In the presence of the hydraulic booster of a wheel do not forget to be convinced that it is reliable at different speeds and loadings. By cars with a forward drive turn out a wheel on the maximum corner to check up degree of deterioration of spherical support of equal angular speeds that is defined on клацающему to a sound.
The roar or swimming specify in deterioration of shock-absorbers and springs. Check up electronic adjustment of shock-absorbers on different modes.
Attentively check up brakes at different efforts. If the car leaves aside it can be залипающий a support. The pedal going by pushes specifies in deterioration of disks. Check up also antiblocking system of brakes (at movement the alarm bulb should not light up, and at start – on the contrary).
Having checked up thus the darling, well think, whether there correspond your impressions to the specified run and, having weighed all pro's and con's, dare. The qualified realised choice – a guarantee of that the car becomes your assistant and the friend.
Some more councils
Once in all managements on purchase of cars it was specified that deterioration of rubber of a pedal is a good indicator of size of run. Today this defect too well-known to trust, after all rubber of pedals is easy for changing.
The upholstery in modern cars is much more durable, than established ten years ago, but all the same the place of the driver wears out first of all. Examine external edge (it rubs when the driver enters and leaves the car) – on it the age of the car is defined.
Check up work and a condition of all lamps and other electric devices. Are especially important burst рассеиватели headlights – some of them can cost very expensively.
The tyre cover condition is a good indicator of run – the declared 40 000 km at unpaired tyres cause strong suspicion! It is possible to consider also replacement cost, especially in a case низкопрофильных and other special tyre covers.
From a place of the driver check up work of devices and controls – dangling handles, as well as a smooth surface of a rim of a steering wheel, specify in the big run.
"A life line", N6